Home Modifications For People With Vision Impairment

  • Mubanga Sampa by Mubanga Sampa
  • 1 year ago
  • Others

Vision impairment sounds like a disability but only limited as much as you allow it. In this guide, we will show you how to go about home modifications for people with vision impairment in a way that meets their most important requirements.

Types of vision impairment

Before we get started it is well worth noting that there are varying types of vision impairment. Visual impairment usually means that both eyes are experiencing a significant loss of vision that cannot be fixed with glasses. The two main categories of visual impairment are:

Low vision

People with low vision are partially sighted, which means they can see to varying degrees but have a visual acuity of 20/70 or poorer.

Total blindness

Being totally blind is the most difficult visual impairment to live with. When someone is totally blind, they have no light perception and cannot see forms.

Home modifications for people with low vision

If you or a loved one suffers from low vision, here are some changes that can help them with day-to-day activities.


To start with, make sure the home has plenty of light, especially in dark corners. Aim light where the person with low vision will need to see the most, that is, the point of focus. You can adjust floor and table lamps, and open window dressings to allow for natural light. You can also ensure the lighting is uniform throughout the house.


Move furniture out of the pathways and arrange it in a way that adds convenience and functionality for your loved one. You should pick upholstery with texture so that different pieces of furniture can be more easily identified.

Safety hazards

Do what you can to help visually impaired people in the home avoid falls and injuries by eliminating hazards. Always keep desks and chairs pushed in and use non-skid products to clean and polish your floors. Take away any tables or artwork that is low-lying to eliminate bumps, bruises or falls. Remove other trip hazards like electrical cords or loose area rugs.

Use contrasting colours

Keep the colour principles top of mind as you prepare your home. Know that bright colours are often the easiest to see since they reflect light. Solid, brighter colours such as orange, red and yellow are more visible than their muted counterparts. It’s important to keep in mind that dim light can wash out certain colours, while bright light can amplify them. Test what works best for you, and use contrasting colours to make the areas of your house easier to distinguish.

Home modifications for totally blind people

For those that are completely blind, additional modifications can be made to the home. As with the partially sighted, you will want to keep the home impeccably organized. Keep the furniture out of the way and eliminate any trip hazards. Here are a few more things you can do to make life easier.

Remove obstacles

As with those who have low vision, people who are fully blind will want to remove as many trip hazards and obstacles as possible. Things should always be placed in the same spot.

Install safe flooring

Installing safe, non-slip flooring throughout your home is one of the best things you can do for safety. Nowadays, there are even tactile warning strips and tiles to help with easy navigation throughout your house.

Give the home a tactile effect

You can buy furniture that is textured. This will help a blind person easily distinguish pieces of furniture. You can also buy embossed letters to label things like medicine and food. Braille stickers can be purchased as well for those that can read them.

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