Architecture comes in a variety of styles, each with its own set of qualities. This blog post discusses the characteristics of modern architecture and how to recognise modern structures. What is modern architecture? Modern architecture is a type of construction that prioritises function and a clean aesthetic over adornment. Thus, this design concept differs from more ornate and elaborate decorated home types. Modern architecture usually involves sharp, clean lines.
The history of modern architecture
Modern architecture refers to a historic movement that emerged in Europe and later spread to other parts of the world during the early and mid-twentieth centuries. The birth of modern design came with the thought that form should follow function. Therefore, this architectural movement embraced minimalism, internationalisation and principle-based design.
The characteristics of modern architecture
Since there are so many styles of modern architecture, there are several defining characteristics. These are some of the more common, broad key features that can be seen across many different forms.
Firstly, modern design was based on industrial materials that made new forms of architecture possible. Steel, concrete blocks, iron, and glass are some of the most prevalent materials used in modern design. Wood, brick, and stone, which are more common building materials, were employed in more basic ways to show off their natural beauty. Modern architecture, on the whole, encouraged the idea of truth and justice when it came to the materials employed, rather than ornamenting or plastering them with some other artificial material.
Form follows function
Functionality means performing for intended use, fitness for purpose. Modern architecture calls for logic, rational expression and the application of universal principles. This is a principle that suggests that the function is a key objective and drives the overall form of the structure. It indicates that the built space that we see is the result of the intended meaning or purpose behind that.
Simplicity to the core
Modern design pursues minimalism with an ideological zeal such that less is always a virtue. This is an interesting principle that makes people develop a natural fondness towards modernist buildings. Furthermore, modern architecture emphasizes that simplicity is always sophisticated and that art’s greatest embellishment is simplicity. This refers to the minimalistic approach to a building, no excessive ornamentation, no excessive elements, just a jinx of bare minimum elements driven by the function and aesthetics parallelly.
Clean and crisp lines
Modern architecture is based on abstraction, which is created by clean lines, basic shapes, and forms. Thus, simple, plain, geometric forms, rectangular shapes, and linear elements make the characteristics of modern architecture. These lines lack additional ornamentation and are generally smooth and consistent. This means that linearity takes precedence over ornamental or curved geometry in modern architecture.
Finally, walls, doors, and hallways no longer define living areas. Therefore, living, dining and kitchen spaces tend to flow together as part of one continuous interior space, reflecting a more casual and relaxed way of life. Steel and reinforced concrete allow for smaller supports such that interiors can mostly be open space.